The developing industry and trade of Yelets demanded many working hands. Peasants hunters became workers of railway workshops, employees of tanning and tobacco factories, carpenters, bricklayers, mostovshchik, masons. Ranks of local handicraftsmen, lace makers, salesmen in numerous benches were joined. Some peasants who settled in the city were attached as small traders, employed by time-workers on small handicraft works or to gardeners, settled as servants to private houses and public institutions.
In the Lamsky settlement there live dray coachmen who are dray carrier, transportation of goods. Dejected savrask pull tugs of teams. In sledge or carts bags with grain and a flour, a Yelets krupchatka, red and moskatelny goods; hewn stone and red brick; logs, podtovarnik, firewood, hay, oats. Chains of transports and last in the summer on main roads - bolshaka in the winter.
Especially residents of Yelets in protection of the city of Levardena caused a stir. As Karamzin narrates: "The prince Ivan Mikhaylovich Eletsky and the nobleman Valuyev with a handful of people besieged in Levardena by the Riga Germans and the Lithuanian voivode without having some bread, having only iron and gunpowder, they fought, as heroes, within a month; ate horse meat, skin and the courage, the patience won against the enemy; it left, having left a set of corpses under walls".
The pleasure of confidants of False Dmitriy can be understood. The new Yelets fortress constructed only 12 years ago, having powerful gun arms, the largest in the south garrison was much more Putivl in whom the impostor sat at this time. Did not concede to Putivl and Livna.
Located at the intersection of roads, Yelets serves post and yamsky. Settlements Yamskaya and New Yamskaya daily direct to a way the post three with the ringing hand bells. - a hole change horses for post stations and travelers are let to the road again.
It is impossible to live on the earth without knowing about works, glory and sincere delusions, mistakes of our ancestors, without remembering on names of the best-known of them, whose thoughts and achievements we use as som certainly, it is known existing.
In a zone of the deciduous woods for some centuries - B.C. there lived Finno-Ugrian tribes of hunters and fishers. They adjoined to steppe nomads and settled Cimmerians, then to Scythians and Sarmatians. In the forest-steppe there lived Slavs on the Top Oka - residents of Vyatka, on Diet - northerners. At the beginning of the X century from the southeast across the steppe passed pecheneg and Torquay, and in the XI century on their place were polovets. In the XII century residents of Vyatka together with northerners promoted down Oka and founded the Ryazan principality. The upper course of Don was border of this movement of Slavs on the northeast. Residents of Vyatka were engaged in agriculture and hunting, beaver rutting in upper courses of Oka and the Fast Pine. For our ancestors the lime "bortny" woods had great economic value. Wild bees lodged in hollows of old trees. Collecting honey and wax - the bortnichestvo - was the major trade.
Here earth shaft are well looked through, the soil under a layer of the turf contains the numerous remains of ancient ceramics. In the territory, adjacent to the ancient settlement, opened under dachas Alexander Vasilyevich collected some kilograms of fragments of ceramic ware which are transferred to museum of local lore.
The increasing attention of the growing flow of tourists is drawn by cultural and art heritage of the city, the whole literary nest in Yelets the district. Here Ozerki Buninskiye, Kropotovo-Lermontovo - an entail property of the father of the great poet, Hrushchevo-M. M. Prishvin's homeland, Ekaterinovka-the native village M. Vovchok, Palna-Mikhailovka - a manor Stakhovichey.
During this period development of domestic industries and the domestic industry begins. House weaving, stuffing of drawing on fabric, manufacture of cloth hats, sewing of boots, boots and mittens, production of a harness, production of saddleries, a pottery, a tree processing and woodcarving.
Written, graphic and archaeological sources say that the fencing from vertically vryty and pointed at top logs was the most ancient form of wooden fortress: "", "paling".